Rome is one of the most popular travel destinations in Europe. Their ancient city offers great attractions and activities. Here the styles of art are different, it is fascinating and mighty. And also, Rome is the most important city of western antiquity and the cradle of European civilization, where the past and the present are blended in perfect harmony.
The most unique features of this old-world city such as the magnificent thrill of centuries of turbulent history, natural occurrence, architectural jewelry from history’s greatest artists make a traveler in love with Rome.
Rome is the capital of Italy and with a population of around 4 million, it is also the largest city although. the official founding of Rome has estimated around 753 BC the area was inhabited long before that and is considered one of the oldest inhabited areas in Europe, as a result, Rome’s city center feels like one big open-air Museum that is listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
Things to know before you go to Rome
#1 – Currency
The currency used in Rome is Euro, used in most European countries including Italy, while most hotel stores and restaurants in Rome accept major credit cards like Visa or MasterCard it is always wise to have some euros in your wallet.
#2 – Language
The language spoken in Rome is, of course, Italian specifically the Romanesco direct while they do not speak or understand English everywhere most tourist-oriented places such as restaurants, shops, and major attractions will have people who speak English and sometimes even other major languages some Italian words that always come in handy besides the famous ciao, Buongiorno, or good morning or good day, Grazie or thank you, noncapisco or I don’t understand, mi scusi or excuse me or sorry. find more useful Italian words and expressions before you go.
#3 – Weather and climate
Rome has a Mediterranean climate with mild winters and hot and humid summers.
- Temperatures in winter typically range between 32 and 53 Fahrenheit or 0 to 12 degrees Celsius. rain is common in winter especially in the summer which is also the wettest and most humid month.
- Weather in the spring is unpredictable and average temperatures range between 41 and 73 Fahrenheit or five to 23 Celsius.
- Summers are hot and humid the humidity is typically around 70% with little rain and the temperatures usually range between 60- and 90-degrees Fahrenheit or 15 to 32 degrees Celsius.
- Fall is generally nice and still warm and dry from 44 to 80 degrees Fahrenheit or 7 to 26 degrees Celsius, however, these are just averaging and weather can be different when it travels so make sure to check the weather forecast before traveling.
#4 – Apps for traveling to Rome
- Wi-Fi map or Wi-Fi finder
- Google Maps or Apple Maps
- Ulmon – CityMaps2Go
- Rome guide CIVITATIS
- MIC Roma
- TAP and I NASONI DI Roma
- TripAdvisor and Yelp
#5 – Best time to visit Rome
The best time to visit Rome is between April and May in the spring, and September to November in fall when the weather is cooler it is still pleasant to walk outside and the hurts of tourists are gone you can usually only wear a light jacket probably the least convenient time to visit Rome is in August when it can get extremely hot and humid and there are crowds everywhere in any case if you’re traveling to Rome in summer don’t forget to bring a hat and how to figure out when it’s the best day and hour to see the attractions just check Google to see how crowded a specific location is in a certain time of day.
#6 – Safety
Rome is a generally safe destination, so you normally shouldn’t be worried about specific areas to avoid for staying inside at night as long as you’re on the streets in the city center however typical for all major big cities around the world pay attention to pickpockets especially in the crowded areas close to major attractions, for example, the Coliseum use common sense and watch your valuables for emergency services dial 112.
#7 – Lines & Crowds
Rome is a popular tourist destination year-round and it can get very crowded especially around major attractions such as the Colosseum so be prepared to wait in line or buy a skip the line ticket or Rome City Pass if you’re willing to pay more.
#8 – Time zone
The Time zone in Rome and Italy is Central European summer time or GMT+2, this time zone is used in most countries in continental Europe.
#9 – Map of Rome
Rome is located in central Italy on the Tiber River about 15 miles or 26 kilometers from the Mediterranean coast. most of its famous attractions are located east of the Tiber River. for orientation. let’s start with the Colosseum which is located more or less centrally right next to the famous Roman Forum and Altare Della Patria south of the Colosseum you will find for example Circus Maximus ancient Chariot Racing stadium and the ruins of Caracalla.
Ancient Roman baths Termini Rome’s main train station is located northeast of the Colosseum if you go northwest of the Colosseum you will find the Trevi fountain, Spanish Steps, Piazza del Popolo, and Villa Borghese Gardens right above the square. towards the west, you can find Pantheon and Piazza Navona, and when you cross one of the beautiful bridges there you will first see the famous castle San Angelo and finally Vatican City.
The impressive Via Appia Antica Park with an over 2,000 years old road featuring an assembly of Catacombe villas and other archaeological gems is located southeast, to get a better sense of the distance a 1.1 mile or 1.8-kilometer-long walk from their mini train station to Colosseum takes about 20 minutes or approximately the same distance to get from the Colosseum to from Trevi Fountain.
#10 – Rome City Pass
Rome offers the Rome City Pass which is a good option to save money if you are planning to visit several museums and other attractions and want to skip the line at some locations you can even choose a city pass that combines attractions and public transportation including tickets from and to the airport.
Transportation in Rome
Rome has two major airports Leonardo da Vinci International Airport, AKA Fiumicino located approximately 19 miles for 30 kilometres from Rome city center, and Ciampino located approximately 9 miles or 15 kilometres from the city center to get to Rome from either Fiumicino or Ciampino Airport you can choose amongst the following options: train bus shuttle or a transfer service where the driver will wait for you at the airport taxi or car rental however if you’re only traveling to Rome you will probably not need a car to drive around plus many hotels in Rome charge extra for car parking and some even don’t have parking spaces so we only recommend this option if you’re planning to drive to other parts of Italy – keep in mind that there are no ubers or lifts in Rome except for more expensive uber black uber locks and uber van.
#1 – Arriving by train
If you are arriving in Rome by train you will normally arrive at their mini railway the station which is conveniently located in a city center depending on your final destination in Rome you can check if your train also stops at one of the other major train stations in Rome.
#2 – Arriving by car
If you’re arriving in Rome by car consider renting a hotel or an apartment with a parking space or garage nearby parking in garages around the city center costs from 1 to 3 Euros per hour and approximately 18 euros per day on average you can get a parking space on the street for approximately 1euro per hour we’ve been to Rome by a car several times and while it might seem hectic at first you will eventually, get used to round traffic.
#3 – Getting around the city
While Rome is relatively well covered with public transportation certain central areas are at least about a 10-minute walk away from the first underground station and since central Rome is not too big walking will probably be a part of your daily routine so bring some comfortable shoes while some areas are not covered with underground it is still a popular form of transportation in Rome.
one-way ticket or 100 minutes on all buses cost 150 24-hour ticket costs 7 euros 48-hour ticket is 12 euros 50 and you can get a weekly ticket for 24 euros you can use the ticket machine to purchase tickets bus and tram are also part of the public transportation you can use Google Maps or a similar app which includes public transportation in Rome.
Taxi: there are many other forms of transportation in Rome such as hop on hop off, buses, bikes, and other interesting vehicles.
Things to do in Rome
#1 – Circus Maximus
Circus Maximus is an ancient Roman chariot racing stadium and mass entertainment venue. It was the first and largest stadium in ancient Rome. It could accommodate over 150,000 spectators. The site is now a public park.
#2 – Borghese
Villa Borghese the largest public park in the city. the park is located only minutes away from the Spanish Steps and Piazza del Popolo. Villa Borghese is also called the park of the museum’s as it is home for several of them Galleria Borghese which has a collection of sculptures and paintings from artists like Raphael and Bernini is one of them.
#3 – Via Vittorio Veneto
Next to the park, you can find our next landmark the elegant Via Veneto. for those who love shopping Via Veneto has been considered for years to be the most expensive shopping street in Rome. if shopping is not your thing you might want to enjoy some coffee at one of the many cafes along the street or walk towards Piazza Barberini to view the fountain of Triton. designed by Bernini and to visit the fascinating Capucine church and its crypt decorated with the bones of 4,000 monks.
#4 – Testaccio
Testaccio was named after the 8th hill of Rome. which is actually an artificial man-made hill. Stretching along the tipper river this area is all about the authentic vibe of modern Rome. it is also the place to find the supporter club for the city’s football club AS Roma. Testaccio is packed with great restaurants and bars popular among locals making it a perfect area for a great night out.
#5 – Piazza Santa maria
Looking for a place to eat or drink check Piazza Santa maria which is a popular gathering place
#6 – The district of Trastevere
this area is the international district of the city since Roman days and even today this area attracts most of the foreigners who’ve made Rome their home what makes this area so special is not only the extraordinary monuments but its unique atmosphere unlike other districts in the city just Trastevere is safe and friendly neighborhood day and night.
#7 – The Mouth of Truth
The Mouth of Truth is a marble mask in Rome. It probably depicts the face of a sea god. Historians aren’t quite certain what the original purpose of the disk was, but the legend says, that if you lie when you place your hand inside it, the mouth will cut your hand.
Rome best attractions
Rome was built on seven hills and the legend says that it was founded by Romulus who killed his twin brother Remus after the two of them have been raised by a she-wolf because of its relatively small historic center culture-rich architecture and history and great food.
Rome is considered to be one of the best romantic travel destinations located within the city of Rome lies the world’s smallest independent country the seat of Roman Catholic Church Vatican City.
Located right at the heart of the ancient city that ruled the world for a thousand years. There you could find Rome’s most important public buildings and the top sights include the arc of Titus the temple of Saturn and Vesta and the Church of San Luca and Martina.
One of the world’s most famous buildings. it is a very popular tourist destination so expect long lines in peak seasons and weekends. our tip is to plan your visit in the late afternoon hours which are less busy.
This amazing amphitheater used to successfully host 55,000 Romans who enjoyed the competitions Between slaves and prisoners. the shows used to run one by one until the ground became too soaked with blood.
Pantheon is a former Roman temple and is now a church. It is the best-preserved ancient Roman monument. The word Pantheon is a Greek adjective meaning “honor all gods”. The Oculus in the center of the building is the main source of natural light. It truly is a majestic building.
Trevi Fountain is one of the most famous fountains in the world. The legend says that whoever drinks the water from the fountain or throws a coin in it, will ensure his return to Rome. No wonder we were in Rome all the time.
Piazza Navona is a square located in the heart of Rome It is built on Dominitian’s ancient stadium and it’s surrounded by beautiful renaissance and baroque buildings and it features magnificent fountains.
Castle Sant’Angelo was initially commissioned by the Roman Emperor Hadrian as the mausoleum for himself and his family.
This extraordinary round-shaped building was later used by the Popes as a fortress and a castle and is now a museum. It lays just outside Vatican City.
Although Vatican City is an independent state since 1929 it is located within Rome. The Vatican has been the residence of the Pope since 1377. Don’t forget to visit Saint Peter’s Square and Basilica If you want to see the Vatican Museums where you’ll also see the Sistine Chapel, be sure to enter from a different street. It is absolutely worth seeing.
Altar of the Fatherland
Altar of the Fatherland is a monument built in honor of the first king of unified Italy, Victor Emmanuel. This largest monument in Rome was controversial since its construction destroyed a large part of the hill and the medieval neighborhood. The terrace of the building offers an amazing panoramic view of Rome.
Spanish steps are a monumental stairway of 135 steps that were built in the 18th century by a French diplomat who wanted to connect the Spanish Embassy and the Trinita de Monte church. As the widest stairway in Europe, it quickly became one of the major Roman attractions. Every spring part of the steps is covered in flowers.
Pyramid of Cestius
Over 2,000 years old pyramid of Cestius is an ancient pyramid that lays next to Porta San Paulo, the ancient gates to the city of Rome.
It was built as a tomb for Gaio Cestio Epulone, a member of the Epulones religious corporation Since 2015 the pyramid is open to the public only on certain days.
Villa d’Este is a 16th-century villa in the town of Tivoli approximately 45 minute-drive from Rome famous for its terraced hillsides Italian Renaissance garden and especially for its profusion of fountains.
It is now an Italian State Museum and it’s listed as a UNESCO world heritage site, Of course, there are many other things to see in Rome such as the Baths of Caracalla, Piazza del Popolo, Tiber Island and many more.
The DON’TS OF Rome: Must know before you go
Don’t Go to the Vatican in a Tank Top
if you go to the Vatican or any church, you’ll need to cover up that exposed skin and get dressed a little more modestly. some traveler gets away with it, however, as a sign of respect, it is best to comply. Even men have to adhere to this dress code or face being turned away.
Don’t Order Cappuccino Afternoon
For Italians, cappuccinos are considered a breakfast beverage. in case you need one and don’t care what anyone else thinks about it, move on and order it any time you want. However, if when in Rome you need to do because the Romans do, skip the dairy-laden coffees afternoon.
Don’t Say “Ciao” To Everyone you meet
“Ciao” is normally for close family, close friends, and kids, and you’ll sound like a goof if you blurt that out all the time. whilst coming into or leaving a store or restaurant, a “Buongiorno” or “Bonasera” will seem more suitable and respectable.
Don’t Expect Tap Water in the Restaurant
Rome is full of public drinking fountains. but, tap water is rarely served in restaurants. most restaurants sell cheaper bottles of water. you can insist on a glass of tap water, however, your waiter can be a bit put off by the request.
Don’t Splash in the Fountains
Put away any fantasies you can have of dancing barefoot within the fountains of Rome. cross on, toss the traditional 3 coins inside the fountain to make sure a return journey to Rome one day, however, dive in for a dip and you’ll meet the polizia.
Don’t Snap Selfies in the Sistine Chapel
The rule is there’s no taking pictures in the Sistine Chapel. costly restoration work was done in the 1980s and, to assist fund the endeavor, unique rights to photograph this wonder were sold to the Nippon television. after all, adorable photo books are available in the gift shop.
Don’t rent a car. It’s chaotic madness. Locals drive fast and livid right here. Lanes seem to be suggestions, traffic lights optional, maximum of the historical center of the city is a forbidden drive area, so simply take public transit or a taxi. better yet, walk your way around this wonderful city.
Don’t Discuss Football
Football is an obsessive passion in Italy. Rome has home teams, Roma and Lazio, and the competition between the 2 is explosive. simply don’t strike up a conversation that criticizes the game or disrespects the team. soccer is like a religion.
Don’t Take a picture with a Fake Gladiator
Next to the Colosseum, you will find costumed gladiators trying to convince you to strike a pose with them, however, they call for exorbitant costs for photographing them. It’s absolutely illegal for them to do this, but it’s a hard operation to shut down.
Don’t Ask for Parmesan Cheese
It’s akin to ordering a cappuccino beyond twelve. It’s simply not done. a great rule is to wait for the waiter to ask you if you’d like some cheese for your meal. If he gives, it’s suitable. If he doesn’t, it’s not. by all means, ask if you actually need it, but they’ll be snickering about you back in the kitchen.
Accommodations: Where to stay
Since Rome is a relatively small city most of the tourist attractions are within the walking distance of each other to stay close to major attractions we recommend that you stay somewhere between the Tiber River and the train station this way you will be surrounded by famous attractions best restaurants and traditional Roman Atmosphere.
If you want a truly authentic experience and don’t mind spending a little more you can stay close to piazza Navona, Trevi fountain, Piazza di Spagna and Piazza Barberini. if you want to save some money you can stay a little further away from the center however be sure to check if there’s an underground station nearby so that you can easily reach the city center the average price of a hotel room in Rome is around 130 euros or 150 dollars however with a little research online you can easily get a better deal especially if your dates are flexible.
#1 – Luxury hotel in Rome
A special occasion such as an anniversary might be a great time to stay at a lovely Rome luxury hotel.
#2 – Budget hotel
There are cheaper hotels in Rome but you will have to be flexible on location, facilities, decor, etc. The Termini station area has lower prices as a rule, but there are less expensive hotels scattered throughout the city. Remember that a cheap hotel in Rome Italy will be higher priced than many other tourist destinations.
#3 – Bed and Breakfast
This is a good option if you like meeting the locals and other travelers and enjoy a more personal travel experience. We stayed at a Rome B&B and it was a great experience.
#4 – Apartment Rentals
If you would like to “live like a local”, a Rome vacation rental is a great choice. We rented an apartment in Rome on one of our trips and really enjoyed it. This is also a great choice for families, couples traveling together, or if you want to save money by cooking some of your own meals.
#5 – Convent hotels
Many people enjoy this unique Rome accommodation choice. You can rent simple rooms at many convents and monasteries, sometimes at reasonable rates. Catholic pilgrims or spiritual travelers would especially enjoy this experience.
Roman Food & Dishes
It is mainly in three forms IE chicken cacciatore, rabbit cacciatore, and salamino cacciatore. Apart from braised rabbit or chicken meat, onions, tomatoes, bell peppers, and wine are the chief ingredients of this dish. This dish is a must-have for all those who crave non-vegetarian food.
Baccalà alla lucana
This dish originated in the Basilicata province of Italy but is now popular throughout the world. This dish is savored in most of the western nations during the Christmas period. The chief constituents of this dish are codfish and crunchy red peppers. This dish is ideal for anyone looking for spicy seafood.
They are also known as belly buttons. These are pasta shaped like a ring and are immersed with different varieties of meat and cheese. Originating in the Emilia region of Italy, this dish is now savored in different parts of the globe. As a variation, this dish can also be served with broth.
Cotechino Modena is a famous Italian sausage made from pork meat. It is generally served with lentils, cannellini beans, mashed potatoes, and sauce. It can act as an ideal snack before the main course meal.
These are among the oldest types of pasta. These pastas have different layering containing the sauce, mozzarella cheese, and different varieties of meat and vegetable products. To make the dish delicious, other ingredients like wine, onion, and oregano are added.
Before the main course meal, people generally look for sumptuous soups. Minestrone is a popular thick soup served in Italian restaurants. The main ingredients of this soup are vegetables like onions, carrots, beans, tomatoes, pasta, and rice. Some restaurants serve this soup as a non-vegetarian recipe by including various meat products like chicken, pork in it.
Travel to Rome on a budget
Don’t be Fussy About When You Go
Every bit of budget travel advice mentions this, but in Rome, it seems to be particularly relevant. When you travel makes a huge difference as to how much it will all cost. If you head out to Rome in August, for example, you’ll find hotel rates slashed. True, this is offset against many restaurants and galleries being closed for the season, but there’s still plenty to see and do.
If you absolutely must go in the peak season (if you need to match the school holidays, for example) then do remember that weekends are usually more expensive, so you can still save a few Euros here and there.
The other advantage of going in the off-season is how much less crowded it is – from your Rome airport transfer to the city’s famous highlights.
Don’t Pay Top Dollar for Your Room
It always amazes me that people are willing to pay so much for a hotel room when the chances are, they’ll spend next to no time in there! Spend plenty on your house, sure – but a temporary place to sleep? Sounds like a premium place to cut costs to me.
There are several decent cheap hotels I can recommend. They are basic (and it’s best to check there is air conditioning in the heat of summer – some will charge extra), but they’re safe and clean. Hotel Luzzatti, Hotel Romano, and Hotel Principe Eugenio are all 2 stars, but offer excellent locations at a competitive price, while Hotel Igea is a 3-star hotel with budget prices, conveniently located just two blocks from Rome’s main railway station.
Skip on the Hire Car
Rome is a big city, but you don’t need to hire your own car. Taxis too are an expense you don’t need – consider using public transport and walking around the place to seeing the best bits. As for getting your luggage to the hotel, I may be a little biased, but for me taking a Rome airport transfer really is the way forward.
It’s cheap, reliable and from someone knowledgeable about the city. And when it’s time to head back to the airport, a Rome airport transfer is sure to get you there on time, so you can concentrate on relaxing rather than getting your timings right.
Know Which Attractions are Free or Cheap
There are loads to see in Rome that’s either free or very cheap. On the free end of the scale, you have The Roman Forum, The Bocca Della Verita, the Trevi Fountain, and the Pantheon. Pick of the freebies is the Vatican museums if you’re there at the right time: on the last Sunday of every month, they’re free of charge!
As for very cheap, the Archeobus is pushing it at 7.75 Euros, but few could argue that at 2.5 Euros the Museum of the Walls is exceptional value for money.
Know Where the Best Cheap Eats Can be Found
The worst offenders in terms of overpriced, substandard food tend to be the tourist eateries, as in any city. Follow the locals for cheap eats – some of the best are Da Baffetto (arrive before 7, because the lines are huge!), Brek (a chain that offers a decent hot meal for under 10 Euros) and Antica Osteria da Giovanni (a bit of a walk, but half the prices of those in the city center).
FAQ: First-Timer’s Guide to Rome
Q: What are some of the best Free attractions in Rome?
Many of the sites in Rome are completely free of charge since Rome is literally an open-air museum many of the famous sites like Trevi Fountain Pantheon Spanish Steps Altare Della Patria, Villa Borghese Gardens, and others are completely free of charge.
Q: What are the Opening hours in Rome?
Restaurants bars and shops have different opening hours and some of them are even closed during the lunch break, some restaurants are typically closed on Mondays and some even on Tuesdays so always check the opening hours of the attraction restaurant or shop that you plan to visit in advance.
Q: Italian and national vacation in August what that mean?
In August many shops closed as many locals go on their vacation, in fact, it is so common that it has its own name Ferragosto which roughly translates to vacation in August
Q: Is there any public Toilets in Rome?
There are only seven public toilets in Rome however if you’re visiting a museum or another attraction there’s usually toilets available there Rome is also full of bars while you cannot just walk into a bar or a restaurant and ask them to use a toilet you can order an espresso or cappuccino which will usually only cost you from one to two euros and use the toilet in the bar.
Q: It is safe to drink tap water in Rome?
It is perfectly safe to drink tap water in Rome additionally there are a lot of free and safe water fountains spread out across the city and yes, some drinking fountains even offer free sparkling water will cover apps to find fountains in Rome later.
Q: Do I need an Adapter in Rome?
If you’re coming from outside Europe or the UK you will probably need a special European travel adapter to charge your phone and other devices, we recommend purchasing a travel adapter before traveling to Rome, in fact, it is worth buying the adapter for the entire world so that you can use it in other countries too.
Q: What about Tours in Rome?
Walking tours of Rome are organized by professional tour guides who know a great deal about the city’s rich history legends etc. a great way to discover Rome some providers even offer free walking tours.